Differences in the cultural-discursive, social-political  and material-economic contexts in Estonia, Ireland, North Macedonia and Wales (outlined in section 3), have contributed to the development of different youth work roles and education and training regimes, which is the focus of this section. It focuses in particular upon the role and training requirements for three key roles:

  • senior youth worker / project leader / club manager
  • youth worker / lead professional; and 
  • youth support worker

In addition to these defined roles there may, for example, be unpaid volunteer youth workers. Training and qualifications are not mandated for these roles by government, but may be mandated by voluntary sector organisations, such as the Scouts or Guides.